RAJA AMPAT

Located off the northwest tip of bird’s head Peninsula on the island of new Guinea-Indonesia’s West Papua province. Raja Ampat or the Four Kings is an archipego comprising over 1.500 small islands, cays and shoals surrounding the four main islands of Misool, Salawati, Batanta, and Waigeo, and the smaller island of Kofiau.

Raja Ampat archipelago is the part of Coral triangle which contains the richest marine biodiversity on earth.

Raja Ampat regency is a new regency which separated from Sorong regency since 2004. It encompasses more than 40.000 km2 of land and sea, which also contains Cenderawasih bay, the largest marine national park in Indonesia. It is a part of the newly named West Papua province of Indonesia which was formerly Irian Jaya. Some of the islands are the most northern places of land in the Australian continent.

The name of Raja Ampat come from local mythology that tells about a woman who finds seven eggs. Four of the seven eggs hatch and become Kings that occupy four of Raja Ampat biggest islands while the other three eggs become a ghost, a woman, and a stone.

History shows that Raja Ampat was once a part of Sultanate of Tidore an influential Kingdon from Maluku. Yet, after the Dutch invaded Maluku. It was shortly claimed by the Netherlands.

The first recorded sighting and landing by Europeans of the Four main islands was in the person of the Portugues navigator Jorge de Menezes and his crew in 1526, on route from Biak the bird’s head Peninsula, and Waigeo to Halmahera / Ternate.

The English explorer William Dampler gave his name to Dampler strait, which separates Batanta island from Waigeo island. To the east, there is a strait that separates Batanta from Salawati. In 1759 Captain William Wilsom sailing in the East Indiaman Pitt navigated these waters and named one strait “Pitt strait” after his vessel this was probably the channel between Batanta and Salawati.

POPULATION.

The main occupation for people around this area is fishing since the area is dominated by the sea. They live in a small colony of tribes that spreads around the area Although traditional culture still strongly exists, they are very welcoming to visitors.  People of Raja Ampat are more like Ambonese than Papuan and now some of them are Muslim and some of them are Christian.

Marine biodiversity of Raja Ampat.

 

The oceanic natural resources around Raja Ampat give it significant potential as a touris area. Many sources place Raja Ampat as one of their top ten most popular places for diving whilst it retains he number one ranking in terms of underwater biodiversity.

According to Concervation International, marine surveys suggest that the marine life diversity in Raja Ampat area is the highest recorded on Earth. Diversity is considerably greater than any other area sampled in the Coral Tringle composed of Indonesia, Malaysia, Phillipines, Papua New Guinea, Solomon island, and Esta Timor. The Coral Triangle is the heart of the world’s coral reef biodiversity, making Raja Ampat quite possibly the richest coral reef ecosytems in the world.

The area’s massive coral colonies along with relatively high sea surface temperatures, also suggest that reef may be relatively resistant to threats like coral bleaching and coral disease, which now jeopardize the survival of other coral ecosystems around the world. The Raja Ampat islands are remote and relatively undisturbed by humans.

The high marine diversity in Raja Ampat is strongly influenced by its position between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, as coral and fish larvae are more easily shared between the two Oceans. Raja Ampat’s coral diversity, resilience, and role as a source for larval dispersal make it a global priority for marine protection.

1.508 fish species, 537 coral species (a remarkable 96% of all scleractinia recorded from Indonesia are likely to accur in these island and 75% of all species that exist in the world). And 699 mollusk species, the variety of marine life is staggering. Some areas bost enormous schools of fish and regular sightings of sharks, such as wobbegongs.

Raja Ampat island have at least three ponds contain unpoisoned jellyfish, all in Misool area. Although accessing the island is not that difficult, it takes some time. It take six hours flight from Jakarta to Sorong, then taking a boat to reach the islands.